Thursday, May 11, 2017

Let's make an appeal to authority!!! And look for psy-ops TOO...

FAT EARTHER'S AND THEIR DUBIOUS ORIGINS!

I'm roped in to this and so I figured I would vent the steam a bit.   I like to look at the people involved with the perpetuating of ideas so that's where we will start....
http://fourhorsesasses.blogspot.com/2017/05/appeal-to-authority-flat-earth-and-hint.html    part 2

Andrew Dickson White

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Andrew Dickson White
Andrew Dickson White 1885.jpg
White in 1885
1st President of Cornell University
In office
1866–1885
Succeeded byCharles Kendall Adams
16th United States Ambassador to Germany
In office
June 19, 1879 – August 15, 1881
Preceded byBayard Taylor
Succeeded byAaron Augustus Sargent
1st President of the American Historical Association
In office
1884–1885
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byGeorge Bancroft
41st United States Ambassador to Russia
In office
July 22, 1892 – October 1, 1894
Preceded byCharles Emory Smith
Succeeded byClifton R. Breckinridge
24th United States Ambassador to Germany
In office
June 12, 1897 – November 27, 1902
Preceded byEdwin F. Uhl
Succeeded byCharlemagne Tower, Jr.
Personal details
BornNovember 7, 1832
Homer, New York 42.633085°N 76.178657°W
DiedNovember 4, 1918 (aged 85)
A.D. White HouseIthaca, New York
Cause of deathStroke
Resting placeSage ChapelIthaca, New York
42.447307°N 76.484592°WCoordinates42.447307°N 76.484592°W
CitizenshipAmerican
NationalityAmerican
Political partyRepublican
Height5 ft, 5 in[2]
Spouse(s)
Mary A. Outwater (1859-1888)
Helen Magill (1890-1918)
ResidenceA.D. White HouseIthaca, New York
Alma materYale College (A.B.M.A)
ReligionEpiscopalian[1]
Signature
Andrew Dickson White (November 7, 1832 – November 4, 1918) was an American historian and educator, who was the cofounder of Cornell University and served as its first president for nearly two decades. He was known for expanding the scope of college curriculae.[3] A politician, he had served as state senator in New York. He was later appointed as a US diplomat to Germany and Russia, among other responsibilities.

Family and personal life[edit]

He was born on November 7, 1832 in Homer, New York, to Clara (née Dickson) and Horace White.[4] Clara was the daughter of Andrew Dickson, a New York State Assemblyman in 1832 and his wife; and Horace was the son of Asa White, a farmer from Massachusetts, and his wife. Their once-successful farm was ruined by a fire when Horace was 13.[4]
Despite little formal education and struggles with poverty after his family lost its farm, Horace White became a businessman and wealthy merchant. In 1839 he opened what became a successful bank in Syracuse.[5] Horace and Clara White had two children: Andrew Dickson and his brother. Andrew was baptized in 1835 at the Calvary Episcopal Church on the town green in Homer.[6]
He married twice. He married first, on September 27, 1857, Mary Amanda Outwater (February 10, 1836 – June 8, 1887), daughter of Peter Outwater and Lucia M. Phillips of Syracuse. Mary's maternal grandmother Amanda Danforth, daughter of Asa Danforth, Jr. and wife of Elijah Phillips, Jr., was the first white child born in what would become Onondaga County, New York. Her great-grandfathers included General Asa Danforth, an early pioneer of upstate New York and leader of the State Militia, as well as Elijah Philips, Sr., who had responded to the alarm to Lexington, Massachusetts, in 1775 and later served as the High Sheriff of Onondaga County.[7]
Andrew and Mary had three children together: Frederick Davies White, who committed suicide in his forties in 1901 after a prolonged series of illnesses; Clara (White) Newbury, who died before her father; and Ruth (White) Ferry. After his wife died in 1887, White went on a lecture tour and traveled in Europe with his close friend, Daniel Willard Fiske, librarian at Cornell.[7]
After two years as a widower, in 1890, White married Helen Magill, the daughter of Edward MagillSwarthmore College's second president. She was the first woman in the United States to earn a Ph.D. Like her husband, Helen was a social scientist and educator; the two met at a conference where she was presenting a paper. Together, Helen and Andrew had one daughter, Karin White.[7]
One of Andrew's cousins was Edwin White, who became an artist of the Luminism/Hudson River schools.[8] His nephew was Horace White, governor of New York.

Education[edit]

Beginning in the fall of 1849, White enrolled as an undergraduate at Geneva College (known today as Hobart and William Smith Colleges) at the insistence of his father.[9] He was inducted as member of Sigma Phi. In his autobiography, he recalled that he had felt that his time at Geneva was "wasted" by being at the small Episcopalian school, instead of at "one of the larger New England universities".[9] Rather than continue "wasting" his time, White dropped out in 1850. After a period of estrangement, White persuaded his father to let him transfer to Yale College.

White as a junior or senior at Yale, wearing his Skull and Bones pin.
At Yale, White was a classmate of Daniel Coit Gilman, who would later serve as first president of Johns Hopkins University. The two were members of the Skull and Bones[10] secret society and would remain close friends. They traveled together in Europe after graduation and served together on the Venezuela Boundary Commission (1895–96). His roommate was Thomas Frederick Davies, Sr., who later became the third bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Michigan, 1889–1905.[5] Other members of White's graduating year included Edmund Clarence Stedman, the poet and essayistWayne MacVeaghAttorney General of the United States and U.S. Ambassador to Italy; and Hiram Bingham II, the missionary, collectively comprising the so-called "famous class of '53."[11] According to White, he was deeply influenced in his academic career and life by Professor Noah Porter (later, Yale's president), who personally instructed him in rhetoric and remained a close personal friend until Porter's death.[12]
Alpha Sigma Phi inducted White as a member in 1850 and he served as editor of the fraternity's publication, The Tomahawk. White remained active in the fraternity for the rest of his life, founding the Cornell chapter and serving as the national president from 1913 to 1915.[13] He also served as an editor of The Lit., known today as the Yale Literary Magazine. He belonged to Linonia, a literary and debating society.[5] As a junior, White won the Yale literary prize for the best essay, writing on the topic "The Greater Distinctions in Statesmanship;" this was a surprise as traditionally a senior was chosen for the winning essay.[5][14]Also as a junior, White joined the junior society Psi Upsilon. In his senior year, White won the Clark Prize for English disputation and the De Forest prize for public oratory, speaking on the topic "The Diplomatic History of Modern Times". Valued at $100, the De Forest prize was then the largest prize of its kind at any educational institution, American or otherwise.[15] In addition to academic pursuits, White was on the Yale crew team, and competed in the first Harvard–Yale Regatta in 1852.[16]
After graduation, White traveled and studied in Europe with his classmate Daniel Coit Gilman. Between 1853 and 1854, he studied at the Sorbonne, the Collège de France, and the University of Berlin. He also served as the translator for Thomas H. Seymour, the U.S. Ambassador to Russia, following Gilman's term as translator, although he had not studied French (the language of diplomacy and the Russian royal court) prior to his studies in Europe. After he returned the United States, White enrolled at Yale to earn an M.A. in History and be inducted into Phi Beta Kappa in 1856.[17]

Early professional life[edit]

In October 1858, White accepted a position as a Professor of History and English literature at the University of Michigan, where he remained on faculty until 1863.[18] White made his lasting mark on the grounds of the university by enrolling students to plant elms along the walkways on The Diag.[19] Between 1862 and 1863, he traveled to Europe to lobby France and England to assist the United States in the American Civil War or at least not come to the aid of the Confederate States.[18]

White, in 1865, when he co-founded Cornell University with Ezra Cornell.
In 1863, White returned to reside in Syracuse for business reasons. In November, he was elected to the New York State Senate, running on the Union Party ticket.[20] In the senate, White met fellow upstate senator Ezra Cornell, a self-taught Quaker farmer from Ithaca who had made a modest fortune in the telegraph industry.[7] Around this time, the senators were called on to decide how best to use the higher education funding provided by the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act, which allocated timber land in the Midwest, which states could sell as they saw fit. Through effective management by Cornell, New York generated about $2.5 million (equivalent to $49 million in today dollars[21]) from its allotted scrip, a greater yield per acre than any state, except, perhaps, California.[22] The senators initially wanted to divvy the funds among the numerous small state colleges of their districts. White fervently argued that the money would be more effectively used if it endowed only one university. Ezra Cornell agreed, telling White, "I have about half a million dollars more than my family will need: what is the best thing I can do with it for the State?" To which, White immediately replied "The best thing you can do with it is to establish or strengthen some institution of higher learning".[7] The two thus combined their efforts to form a new university.
White pressed for the university to be located on the hill in Syracuse (the current location of Syracuse University) due to the city's transportation hub. This could help attract faculty, students, and other persons of note. However, as a young carpenter working in Syracuse, Cornell had been robbed of his wages,[23] and insisted that the university be located in his hometown of Ithaca; he proposed to donate land on his large farm on East Hill, overlooking the town and Cayuga Lake. White convinced Cornell to give his name to the university "in accordance with [the] time-honored American usage" of naming universities after their largest initial benefactors.[7] On February 7, 1865, White introduced a bill "to establish the Cornell University" and, on April 27, 1865, after months of debate, Governor Reuben E. Fenton signed into law the bill endowing Cornell University as the state's land-grant institution.
White became the school's first president and served as a professor in the Department of History. He commissioned Cornell's first architecture studentWilliam Henry Miller, to build his president's mansion on campus.
White was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1884.[24]
In 1891, Leland and Jane Stanford asked White to serve as the first president of Stanford University, which they had founded in Palo Alto, California. Although he refused, he recommended his former student David Starr Jordan.

Conflict thesis[edit]

At the time of Cornell's founding, White announced that it would be "an asylum for Science—where truth shall be sought for truth's sake, not stretched or cut exactly to fit Revealed Religion."[33] Until then, most of America's private universities had been founded as religious institutions and generally were focused on the liberal arts and religious training. (By the later 19th century, most were not explicitly antagonistic to science).
In 1869, White gave a lecture on "The Battle-Fields of Science", arguing that history showed the negative outcomes resulting from any attempt on the part of religion to interfere with the progress of science. Over the next 30 years he refined his analysis, expanding his case studies to include nearly every field of science over the entire history of Christianity but also narrowing his target from "religion" through "ecclesiasticism" to "dogmatic theology."
The final result was the two-volume A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom (1896) in which he asserted the conflict thesis of science with dogmatic theology. Initially less popular than John William Draper's History of the Conflict between Religion and Science (1874), White's book became an extremely influential text on the relationship between religion and science. In it,he argued that "the great majority of the early fathers of the Church, and especially Lactantius, had sought to crush it beneath the utterances attributed to Isaiah, David, and St. Paul."[34] White's conflict thesis has been widely disputed among contemporary historians of science.[35][36][37] The warfare depiction remains a popular view among critics of religion and the general public.[38]


Myth of the flat Earth

Main article: Myth of the Flat Earth
Beginning in the 19th century, a historical myth arose which held that the predominant cosmological doctrine during the Middle Ages was that the Earth was flat. An early proponent of this myth was the American writer Washington Irving, who maintained that Christopher Columbus had to overcome the opposition of churchmen to gain sponsorship for his voyage of exploration. Later significant advocates of this view were John William Draper and Andrew Dickson White, who used it as a major element in their advocacy of the thesis[121] that there was a long lasting and essential conflict between science and religion.[122] Subsequent studies of medieval science have shown that most scholars in the Middle Ages, including those read by Christopher Columbus, maintained that the Earth was spherical.[123] Studies of the historical connections between science and religion have demonstrated that theories of their mutual antagonism ignore examples of their mutual support.[124][125]
SKULL AND BONES!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Jeffrey Burton Russell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jeffrey Burton Russell
PhD
Born1934
California
NationalityAmerican
EducationPhD (Emory University)
Years active1965-Present
EmployerUniversity of California, Santa Barbara
Known forProfessor of Medieval History
Notable workDissent and Reform in the Early Middle AgesHistory of Medieval ChristianityWitchcraft in the Middle AgesPrince of Darkness: Radical Evil and the Power of Good in HistoryA History of Heaven
Spouse(s)Pamela Russell, Diana Russell (deceased)
ChildrenJennifer Ellen Russell
Parent(s)Lewis Russell, Aida Raffetto
AwardsFulbright Fellow, Harvard Junior Fellow, Guggenheim Fellow
Jeffrey Burton Russell (born 1934) is an American historian and religious studies scholar.

Biography[edit]

Russell received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, Berkeley in 1955 and his PhD from Emory University in 1960.
He is currently Professor Emeritus of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He has also taught History and Religious Studies at Berkeley, RiversideHarvardNew Mexico, and Notre Dame.[1]

Works[edit]

Russell has published widely, mostly in medieval European history and the history of theology. His first book was Dissent and Reform in the Early Middle Ages (1965). He is most noted for his five-volume history of the concept of the DevilThe Devil (1977), Satan (1981), Lucifer (1984), Mephistopheles (1986) and The Prince of Darkness (1988).
In Inventing the Flat Earth (1991) he argues that 19th century anti-Christians invented and spread the falsehood that educated people in the Middle Ages believed that the earth was flat. As one writer summarizes, "Russell also examined a large selection of textbooks and found those written before 1870 usually included the correct account, but most textbooks written after 1880 uncritically repeated the erroneous claims in Washington IrvingJohn William Draper and Andrew Dickson White. Russell concludes that Irving, Draper and White were the main writers responsible for introducing the erroneous flat-earth myth that is still with us today."
Russell has also written two books on the history of the notion of HeavenA History of Heaven: The Singing Silence (1997), which deals with the period from around 200 B.C. up to Dante, and Paradise Mislaid (2006), which takes the story up to the present day.
The Library of Congress lists 18 books written by Russell:
  • Dissent and Reform in the Early Middle Ages (1965, 1982, 1992)
  • Medieval Civilization (1968)
  • History of Medieval Christianity: Prophecy & Order (1968, 1986, 2000)
  • Religious Dissent in the Middle Ages (edited by Jeffrey B. Russell) (1971)
  • Witchcraft in the Middle Ages (1972)
  • Devil: Perceptions of Evil from Antiquity to Primitive Christianity (1977)
  • History of Witchcraft, Sorcerers, Heretics, and Pagans (1980, 2007)
  • Medieval Heresies: A Bibliography, 1960-1979 (with Carl T. Berkhout) (1981)
  • Satan: The Early Christian Tradition (1981)
  • Lucifer: The Devil in the Middle Ages (1984)
  • Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World (1986)
  • Prince of Darkness: Radical Evil and the Power of Good in History (1988)
  • Inventing the Flat Earth: Columbus and Modern Historians (1991)
  • History of Heaven: The Singing Silence (1997)
  • Devil, Heresy, and Witchcraft in the Middle Ages: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey B. Russell (edited by Alberto Ferreiro) (1998)
  • Life of the Jura Fathers: The Life and Rule of the Holy Fathers Romanus, Lupicinus, and Eugendus, Abbots of the Monasteries in the Jura Mountains (1999)
  • Paradise Mislaid: How We Lost Heaven—and How We Can Regain It (2006)
  • Exposing Myths about Christianity: A Guide to Answering 145 Viral Lies and Legends (2012)
Articles by Russell include:
  • "Flattening the Earth" (2002)[2]
Book reviews by Russell include:
  • "Satan: A Biography" (2007)[3]
  • "Bad to the Bone" (2008)[4]
  • "A God of the Times" (2009)[5]

Whole flat earth wiki thing is corrupt...  i think this little diddy is very important when considering psyop...

THIS DOES NOT PROVE THE EARTH IS A BALL OR A PIE WITH MOON-BATS...  IT DEFINITELY SHOWS PSY-OP...   IF FAT EARFERS WANT TO DEBATE PSY-OPS YOU BETTER BRING YOUR LUNCH...THERE IS PLENTY MORE WHERE THAT CAME FROM... 

1 comment:

  1. Some of the new adherents to flat earth theory like to imagine that they are part of THE Movement that's finally going to CHANGE EVERYTHING and SAVE HUMANITY. (Their imagined movement is really more of a social media fad). They downplay the fact that there is a serious problem with their movement, aside from the science, it's the dichotomy between biblical literalists and secular flat earthers. IMO the bible is perhaps one of the oldest and most divisive psy-ops we have had the pleasure of dealing with and flat earth is just an offshoot from it, being promoted by certain fraternal orders with an agenda to mindfuck people.
    We see divide and conquer working quite well when adherents to this fringe theory can't even agree with eachother because of the importance placed on this book and the fervor of belief held by it's supporters, matched with the equal and opposite fervor of those who disbelieve the magic book.

    ReplyDelete

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